The ECMI Working Paper #100 is now online. The paper focuses on Women and Ethno-Cultural Communities in Ethiopia. In celebrating this special number, let’s look back and recap some of the most read ECMI Working Papers.
The ECMI Working Paper #100 with the title “Women, Ethno-Cultural Communities and the State in Ethiopia” is authored by Sisay Kinfe Gebrewold. The paper addresses issues faced by ethno-cultural communities in general, and women in particular, within the institutional and legislative design of the State of Ethiopia, as well as the role of the civil society in the promotion of women’s rights.
Analysing the modern state of Ethiopia, the paper makes a historical analysis of the development of laws and movements regarding women’s rights and empowerment, and its parallel relation to the issues of ethno-cultural communities in the country. By highlighting changes in the constitution and different laws of the country, especially after 1991 (the year in which a more liberal constitution was introduced), the paper also draws attention to the problems surrounding the progress of such policies, particularly the politics of assimilation and centralization of the Ethiopian state, with historical use of coercive power towards the establishment of one language and one religion. As such, further problems regarding cultural and socialization aspects of women and ethno-cultural communities (especially in the family area) are also analysed. The paper focus on several of the country’s Constitutions, the 1960 Civil Codes, and Women’s Associations, with students as protagonists, especially after the 1974 Revolution.
100 ECMI Working Papers – 100 Stories on Minority Rights
We are pleased to share that the ECMI is celebrating the 100th Issue of the Centre’s Working Papers. Since the first issue (“Conflict in Kosovo: Failure of Prevention? An Analytical Documentation, 1992-1998” written by the first ECMI Director Prof. Stephan Troebst) published in 1998, the ECMI Working Papers have been contributing to the analysis of several important topics in the field of minority rights: governance, participation, education, inclusion, citizenship, and media and as well as numerous challenges faced by the communities. Over almost 20 years of publishing of the ECMI Working Papers (ISSN 1435-9812 ; ISSN-Internet 2196-4890), we would like to remember a few of the most popular issues to date:
Working Paper #13, on “The Model of Ethnic Democracy” by Sammy Smooha, published in 2001, presents a new model of democracy, taking into account a state with an institutionalized ethnic ascendancy population;
Working Paper #47, with the title “Ethnic or multi-ethnic parties? Party competition and legislative recruitment in Moldova” by Oleh Protsyk and Ion Osoian published in 2010, addresses the problem of minority parties and minority party institutionalization in Moldova;
Working Paper #60, “European Minority Rights Law: Unilateral Legislation in Favour of Kin-Minorities” by Tove Malloy, published in 2012, analyses European countries that have taken explicit unilateral action in the adoption of public law legislation or regulations regarding kin-minorities outside the mother state.
Working Paper #62, “Challenges facing Researchers on Roma Minorities in contemporary Europe: Notes towards a Research Program” by Annabel Tremlett & Aidan McGarry (2013), introduces the topic of Roma as a community of concern to the European Union, together with the challenges of research and project towards the social integration of the community in the EU framework.
Working Paper #74, “Ethnic Minority Women in Georgia – Facing a Double Burden?” by Andrea Peinhopf (2014), examines the situation of women belonging to ethnic minorities in Georgia, problematizing their situation as facing both the discrimination as an ethnic minority and as a historically suppressed gender.
Working Paper #79, on “The Albanians in Macedonia: The Role of International Organizations in Empowering the Ethnic Albanian Minority” by Christina Eva Griessler (2014), analyses the measures taken by agencies of the international community during and after the 2001 conflict in the Republic of Macedonia to promote the integration of the Albanian minority into the political system of the country.