ECMI Working Paper #74 released

ECMI Publications - European Centre for Minority IssuesEthnic minority women in Georgia – facing a double burden?, by Andrea Peinhopf, is now available as ECMI Working Paper #74

European Centre for Minority IssuesWorking Paper #74 examines the situation of women belonging to ethnic minorities, one of the most vulnerable social groups in Georgia.

Minority women carry the double burden of belonging to frequently discriminated ethnic groups, as well as to the historically suppressed gender. Peinhopf focuses on gender based discrimination and violence – and the social structures and norms that cause them – as well as impediments to women’s economic empowerment and political participation.

First she looks at the situation of women among the Azeri and Armenians, Georgia’s two largest minority groups.

Domestic violence is endemic to their communities, especially in rural areas. Women take care of household and family, as dictated by social norms, but also face increasing economic pressures, especially in areas where labor migration is common. Azeri women are particularly exposed to such problems. They also suffer from the effects of early marriage and childbirth.

The paper also considers women in some of the smaller minorities like Ossetian, Kist, Yezidi Kurdish, and Roma, whose situation is not as well documented as that of Azeri and Armenian women.

Throughout the paper it emerges that women across different ethnic minorities face similar difficulties, and that the political and social isolation of minorities contributes to the low status of women within them.

About the author

Andrea Peinhopf is alumna of the University of Vienna and the London School of Economics and Political Science. She has worked as a visiting researcher at the ECMI Caucasus from November 2012 to April 2013.

More ECMI Working Papers on Georgia

Georgia’s Muslim Community: A Self-Fulfilling Prophecy?
ECMI Working Paper #58: Conor Prasad
February 2012, 25 pp., appendix.

Islam and Religious Transformation in Adjara
ECMI Working Paper #57: Thomas Liles
February 2012, 23 pp., appendix.

South African Boers in Georgia?
ECMI Working Paper #55: Conor Prasad
January 2012, 12 pp., appendix.

Chinese in Georgia
ECMI Working Paper #54: Jiayi Zhou
January 2012, 20 pp., appendix.

Resettlement of Ecological Migrants in Georgia: Recent Developments and Trends in Policy, Implementation, and Perceptions
ECMI Working Paper #53: Justin Lyle
January 2012, 14 pp., appendix.

National Minorities and the Media Situation in Georgia
ECMI Working Paper #52: Tobias Akerlund
January 2012, 28 pp., appendix.

National Minorities and Educational Reform in Georgia
ECMI Working Paper #46: Salome Mekhuzla and Aideen Roche
September 2009, 52 pp., appendix.

Ossetians in Georgia – In the Wake of the 2008 War
ECMI Working Paper #45: Giorgi Sordia
September 2009, 37 pp., appendix.

The Integration of National Minorities in the Samtskhe-Javakheti and Kvemo Kartli provinces of Georgia: Five Years into the Presidency of Mikheil Saakashvili
ECMI Working Paper #44: Jonathan Wheatley
September 2009, 57 pp., appendix.

Institutions of Georgia for Governance on National Minorities: An Overview
ECMI Working Paper #43: Giorgi Sordia
September 2009, 61 pp., appendix.

Georgia and the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages
ECMI Working Paper #42: Jonathan Wheatley
June 2009, 53 pp., appendix.

No Way Out: An Assessment of the Romani Community in Georgia
ECMI Working Paper #39: David Szakonyi
February 2008, 19 pp., appendix.

Javakheti after the Rose Revolution: Progress and Regress in the Pursuit of National Unity in Georgia
ECMI Working Paper #38: Hedvig Lohm
April 2007, 45 pp., appendix.

Defusing Conflict in Tsalka District of Georgia: Migration, International Intervention and the Role of the State
ECMI Working Paper #36: Jonathan Wheatley
October 2006, 42 pp., appendix.

Dukhobors in Georgia: A Study of the Issue of Land Ownership and Inter-Ethnic Relations in Ninotsminda rayon (Samtskhe-Javakheti)
ECMI Working Paper #35: Hedvig Lohm
November 2006, 44 pp., appendix.

Implementing the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities in Georgia: A Feasibility Study
ECMI Working Paper #28: Jonathan Wheatley
October 2006, 64 pp., appendix.

The Status of Minority Languages in Georgia  and the Relevance of Models from Other European States
ECMI Working Paper #26: Jonathan Wheatley
March 2006, 37 pp.

Managing Ethnic Diversity in Javakheti: Two European Models of Multilingual Tertiary Education
ECMI Working Paper #25: Denis Dafflon
February 2006, 25 pp.

Obstacles Impeding the Regional Integration of the Kvemo Kartli Region of Georgia
ECMI Working Paper #23: Jonathan Wheatley
February 2005, 49 pp., appendix

Obstacles Impeding the Regional Integration of the Javakheti Region of Georgia
ECMI Working Paper #22: Jonathan Wheatley
September 2004, 41 pp., appendix

Between Integration and Resettlement: The Meskhetian Turks
ECMI Working Paper #21: Oskari Pentikainen and Tom Trier
August 2004, 54 pp., appendix

International Involvement in the South Caucasus
ECMI Working Paper #15: Natalie Sabanadze
February 2002, 37 pp.

ECMI Working Papers © from European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI)

ECMI Working Papers are written either by the staff of European Centre for Minority Issues or by outside authors commissioned by the Centre. As ECMI does not propagate opinions of its own, the views expressed in any of its publications are the sole responsibility of the author concerned.

The European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) is a non-partisan institution founded in 1996 by the Governments of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the German State of Schleswig-Holstein.

ECMI was established in Flensburg, at the heart of the Danish-German border region, in order to draw from the encouraging example of peaceful coexistence between minorities and majorities achieved here.

ECMI’s aim is to promote interdisciplinary research on issues related to minorities and majorities in a European perspective and to contribute to the improvement of interethnic relations in those parts of Western and Eastern Europe where ethnopolitical tension and conflict prevail.

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