Working Paper #63 investigates how ethnicity in post-communist Romania was politicized, to what purpose, and with what outcomes. It is written by Monica Andriescu and Sergiu Gherghina.
The Dual Consequences of Politicization of Ethnicity in Romania. This is the full title of the second ECMI Working Paper © released in 2013.
The authors show how ethnicity acquired political salience in post-communist Romania by tracing the evolution of interethnic relations from exclusion to accommodation.
A qualitative approach is used that outlines the relationship between the resurgence of ethnic nationalism, political discourses and ethnic inclusiveness in the period 1990-2011.
The focus is on the discourses of Hungarian and Romanian political elites and the examination of political programs, especially those belonging to the political party representing the Hungarian minority in Parliament.
The document analysis includes the legislation enacted with respect to minority rights. Those legal items have been selected that stood at the basis of the expansion of the minority rights regime in post-communist Romania in four key fields: education, local public administration, political representation and anti-discrimination.
The analysis illustrates that political involvement is a contextual factor determining ethnic minorities’ goal prioritization and inclusion.
ECMI Working Papers © from European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI)
ECMI Working Papers are written either by the staff of European Centre for Minority Issues or by outside authors commissioned by the Centre. As ECMI does not propagate opinions of its own, the views expressed in any of its publications are the sole responsibility of the author concerned.
The European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) is a non-partisan institution founded in 1996 by the Governments of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the German State of Schleswig-Holstein.
ECMI was established in Flensburg, at the heart of the Danish-German border region, in order to draw from the encouraging example of peaceful coexistence between minorities and majorities achieved here. ECMI’s aim is to promote interdisciplinary research on issues related to minorities and majorities in a European perspective and to contribute to the improvement of interethnic relations in those parts of Western and Eastern Europe where ethnopolitical tension and conflict prevail.