ECMI Issue Brief #33 released

ECMI Publications

What next for Moldova’s minorities after Crimea? This is the guiding question of the ECMI Issue Brief #33 by Dr Federica Prina. The Brief is online now.

The highly topical ECMI Issue Brief #33 examines the situation of the minorities of Moldova in the light of Russia’s Crimea ‘land-grab’. The much discussed and possible annexation of Transnistria by Russia is not included in the examination.

In the ECMI Issue Brief #33, What next for Moldova’s minorities after Crimea?, Dr Federica Prina argues that there are two consequences for Moldova of Russia’s annexation of Crimea:

  • The annexation deepens the polarization between the pro-Russia and the pro-EU camps in Moldova.
  • The polarization furthers a tendency to marginalize the non-Russian minorities.

The two consequences define the disposition of the Brief.

Part one thoroughly contextualizes the polarization that is now deepening in Moldova, from the Romanian and Soviet past and up to and including the accords signed by EU and Moldova on 27 June. The accords or Association Agreements that were also signed by Georgia and Ukraine include the so-called Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area.

EU signs pacts with Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova (BBC News Europe 27 June 2014)
EU signs ‘historic’ accords with Ukraine, Georgia, Moldova (EU Business 30 June 2014)
Ukraine, Moldova, and Georgia Sign EU Accords (Radio Free Europe 27 June 2014)

Part two describes how the non-Russian minorities are in danger of further marginalization in the process of polarization.

The Brief details how protection of vulnerable minorities tends to be overlooked, while all attention is on the East-West divide. The dilution of linguistic and cultural diversity and ambitions of empowering minorities are likewise described as out of focus, though the measures and ambitions are protected by domestic law and the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.

Roma, Bulgarians, Ukrainians, Gagauz, Poles, and Russians are specifically addressed in the Brief, as they are differently positioned in the East-West divide and in the ideological strife that, according to Dr Prina, forms the backdrop of the Moldovan political scene: the divide between the advocates of a ‘nationalizing state’ and of a (de facto) multi-ethnic state.

Dr Federica Prina is editor of the Journal of Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe (JEMIE).

Read also: Funding confirmed: ECMI will further diversity management in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine

ECMI Issue Briefs © from the European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI)

ECMI Issue Briefs problematize and present minority issues that have been identified as relevant for greater dissemination by the Centre’s research team. They aim to introduce important issues for further debate and where relevant make recommendations for future agenda setting.

ECMI Issue Briefs are written either by the staff of ECMI or by outside authors commissioned by the Centre. As ECMI does not propagate opinions of its own, the views expressed in any of its publications are the sole responsibility of the author concerned.

The European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) is a non-partisan institution founded in 1996 by the Governments of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the German State of Schleswig-Holstein.

ECMI was established in Flensburg, at the heart of the Danish-German border region, in order to draw from the encouraging example of peaceful coexistence between minorities and majorities achieved here. ECMI’s aim is to promote interdisciplinary research on issues related to minorities and majorities in a European perspective and to contribute to the improvement of interethnic relations in those parts of Western and Eastern Europe where ethnopolitical tension and conflict prevail.

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Call for Papers: Implications for Social Inclusion of Roma

Inclusion of Roma - European Centre for Minority IssuesThe journal Social Inclusion calls for contributions for an issue on social inclusion of Roma. ECMI represented by Dr Eben Friedman is guest editor of the issue.

A coming issue of Social Inclusion will have the title Talking about Roma: Implications for Social Inclusion. Authors interested in submitting a paper for this special issue are kindly asked to consult the Instructions for Authors of the journal and to send their abstracts by email to Mr. António Vieira on antonio.vieira @ cogitatiopress.com

Abstracts are to be forwarded between 1 and 8 October 2014, while full papers must be forwarded between 26 January and 1 February 2015.

Addressing today’s Roma discourse

Talking about Roma: Implications for Social Inclusion will address various aspects of the relationship between discourses on and the social inclusion of Roma.

The contributions to this special issue must critically examine current public discourses ostensibly aimed at promoting the social inclusion of Roma, attending to the liabilities of these discourses and exploring possible alternatives for avoiding backsliding on human rights commitments.

At present, while official discourse calling for the elimination of Roma – whether through mass killing or by abolishing cultural distinctions – has largely given way to approaches explicitly aimed at inclusion and emphasizing Roma’s rights as individuals and as members of a minority or tying future improvements in the situation of Roma to economic benefits for entire societies, the coexistence of these two types of ostensibly more inclusive approaches is not necessarily an easy one.

Moreover, both are arguably compatible with debates on the possibility and desirability of the social inclusion of Roma.

Roma related titles from European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI), 2011-2014

Vizi, Balázs. 2011, The Hungarian Presidency of the Council of the European Union: Focus on the Neighbourhood and on a European Roma Strategy, Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe 10, no. 1: 123-34.

European Centre for Minority Issues Kosovo. 2012. Minority Communities in the 2011 Kosovo Census Results: Analysis and Recommendations. Prishtina: European Centre for Minority Issues Kosovo.

European Centre for Minority Issues Kosovo. 2012. Segregated Education in Kosovo. Prishtina: European Centre for Minority Issues Kosovo.

European Centre for Minority Issues Kosovo. 2012. Vulnerable and Marginalised Groups in Kosovo: A Legal Handbook. Prishtina: European Centre for Minority Issues Kosovo.

European Centre for Minority Issues Kosovo. 2013. Segregation in Education in the Municipality of Gjakovë/Đakovica. Prishtina: European Centre for Minority Issues Kosovo.

Pancaldi, Valentina. 2013. Promoting the Economic Empowerment of Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian Women in Kosovo. Prishtina: European Centre for Minority Issues Kosovo.

Racles, Andreea, Belonging, houses and Roma women from southern Romania. An anthropological approach. Flensburg: European Centre for Minority Issues.

Tremlett, Annabel, and Aidan McGarry. 2013. Challenges Facing Researchers on Roma Minorities in Contemporary Europe: Notes towards a Research Program. Flensburg: European Centre for Minority Issues.

Friedman, Eben. 2013. Education in Member State Submissions under the EU Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies. Flensburg: European Centre for Minority Issues.

Popova, Zora, Roma Inclusion: A Feasible EU Project. Flensburg: European Centre for Minority Issues.

 

ECMI Roma in FocusECMI’s work on and with Roma is described more thoroughly in this booklet.

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Call for applications: Trans-ethnic Coalition-Building within and across States

Uppsala UniversityECMI and partners seek scholars for a conference on Trans-ethnic Coalition-Building within and across States, taking place in Uppsala on 7-10 January, 2015.

European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI), Lithuanian Institute of History, universities of Glasgow, Bradford and Turku, Academy of Public Administration, Kazakhstan, and main organizer Uppsala University, are inviting scholars to apply for participation in a conference on Trans-ethnic Coalition-Building within and across States.

The multidisciplinary conference takes place in Uppsala on 7-10 January 2015. It will deal with both political and sociological aspects of trans-ethnic coalition-building across a range of geographic and political settings and from both contemporary and historical perspectives.

The deadline for submission of paper abstracts is 15 August 2014

The conference, Trans-ethnic Coalition-Building within and across States, will address the still understudied theme of how spokespersons for different ethnicities or racial groups interact and cooperate both within and across states. This theme sits at the juncture of several topics that are of paramount importance for both theorists and policy-makers around the globe:

  • power-sharing,
  • intercultural dialogue,
  • diaspora networking and trans-nationalism,
  • minority empowerment, and
  • public-private partnerships on ethno-cultural affairs.

Across a range of contexts, international actors, state governments, local authorities and non-governmental organizations are all engaged in efforts to establish institutional frameworks that mitigate conflicts and encourage intercultural dialogue and cooperation between different ethnicities living within the same state or sub-state region. Here one can highlight inter alia the role of:

  • umbrella organizations uniting different ethnicities,
  • bodies tasked with deciding upon allocation of public resources,
  • different types of advisory and consultative bodies serving as channels for dialogue between government authorities, and
  • spokespersons of different ethnic, national or racial minorities.

At the same time, one can point to numerous contemporary and historical instances of ethnic coalition-building at the international level between activists drawn from different ethnicities. Such practices of trans-border ethnic coalition-building hold obvious relevance for broader debates dealing with multi-level governance, minority rights and the continued primacy of the nation-state under conditions of economic globalization.

Specific topics to be addressed

The conference seeks to analyze the factors that drive mobilization and interaction across ethnic boundaries and the practices and outcomes that derive from such cooperation. Contributors are invited to examine trans-ethnic coalition-building at the level of individual states and localities, but also practices that cut across state boundaries. The organizers would welcome papers addressing inter alia the following issues:

  • How are coalition-building activities framed and rationalized by the relevant stakeholders?
  • What are the relevant legal and institutional frameworks (national and international) for coalition-building geared to advocacy and representation?
  • Who and under what circumstances initiates and establishes participatory bodies? Is this process primarily driven from the top-down (by state governments, local authorities or international organizations acting as external mediators), or from the ground-up (by ethnic activists themselves), or through a combination of both approaches? Which factors determine the success or failure of initiatives in this area?
  • How do trans-ethnic institutional frameworks function in practice? What are their legal status, role, competences, membership and financial base? What issues do they address?
  • Which normative and institutional arrangements stimulate or discourage involvement of the general public in these activities, and which forms of engagement are seen as most feasible and desirable?
  • What are the outputs and outcomes? How do stakeholders and external observers assess the efficiency and effectiveness of the institutions in place? Can a system of indicators be elaborated which would allow for a better assessment of the existing institutions and the advancement of the respective normative base?

The organizers

The conference is organized and hosted by the Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies (UCRS) at Uppsala University, in conjunction with the European Centre for Minority Issues, the University of Glasgow Centre for Russian, Central and East European Studies, the University of Bradford, the University of Turku, the Lithuanian Institute of History and Interconfessional Studies at the Academy of Public Administration under the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The organizing committee intends to publish selected papers in the form of edited volumes and/or journal special issues. The conference will also incorporate workshop sessions to discuss the establishment of new research networks dedicated to the key themes to be discussed.

Application

We aim to attract innovative contributions that develop theoretical arguments while embedding these in the context of case studies. Applications from early career scholars are especially welcome. Applicants must submit a 300 word abstract, short biographic statement (max 100 words) and preliminary registration form to transethnic@ucrs.uu.se by 15 August.

Conference participants recruited through this call will be responsible for meeting the costs of their travel and accommodation. Up to 10 bursaries of 500 Euro each are available to support participation by early career researchers (doctoral students within six months of submission and the holders of PhDs awarded after 1 September 2011).

Applicants should indicate if they wish to be considered for the early career bursary when submitting their abstract and registration form. Allocation of bursaries will be determined in the first instance by the quality and relevance of abstracts, though in case of a large number of applications of similar quality, preference will be given to applicants from outside the European Union.

The organizers will confirm the overall selection of speakers for the conference and make offers of early career bursaries by the end of August 2014.

Practical information

Accommodation for conference speakers will be available at the Best Western Hotel Svava, Uppsala, at a special institutional rate of 950 SEK (single) and 1120 SEK (double) per night. Uppsala University will make bookings at the hotel on behalf of participants, using the information provided on the conference application form. Participants will then be responsible for paying their own hotel bill while in Uppsala.

The conference is scheduled to begin at 12.00 on 7 January, and end at 12.00 on 10 January. The conference organizers will provide all speakers with lunch on 8 and 9 January, an opening reception and a buffet dinner.

If you have any further questions regarding the remit of and arrangements for the conference , please email them to transethnic@ucrs.uu.se, putting CONFERENCE APPLICATION and [YOUR NAME] in the email header.

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ECMI Library Acquisitions – July 2014

ECMI Library NewsAs of July 2014, one can also find the following titles in the European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) Library in Flensburg.

  • Béland, Daniel, and André Lecours, Nationalism and Social Policy. The Politics of Territorial Solidarity. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, 255 pp.
    Appetizer and further data.
  • Bhargava, Rajeev, Amiyas Kumar Bagchi, and R. Sudarshan, Multiculturalism, Liberalism and Democracy. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2007, 433 pp.
    Appetizer and further data.
  • Bondarenko, Veronika, Representation of National Minorities in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 1990-2007. Saarbrücken: Akademikerverlag, 2013, 122 pp.
    Appetizer and further data.
  • Box-Steffensmeier, Janet M., Henry E. Brady and David Collier (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, 880 pp.
    Appetizer and further data.

Get the complete acquisitions list for July 2014.

The ECMI Library is an independent collection of books, journals and grey literature of more than 3,000 items covering many aspects of minority issues.

The highly specialized collection offers public access to a variety of materials in more than twenty languages on inter-ethnic relations, language and cultural issues and ethnic conflict in Europe.

The Library is especially strong in the area of minority protection with regards to international law. It also includes a useful reference section and a considerable number of published and unpublished reports dealing with the subjects mentioned above.

In addition to this, the ECMI Library is unique in that it includes an ever-growing number of annual reports of Ombudsman offices around the world, which provide insight into the human rights situation in many countries.

Current periodical and newspaper subscriptions reflect the multidisciplinary nature of ECMI research.

Reference services are provided both in-house and for the general public. The ECMI Library is physically at Schiffbrücke 12 in Flensburg, Germany and online via the ECMI website.

 

 

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Links: ECMI visit triggers CDU minority considerations

ECMI Links and CommentsAfter visiting the ECMI, a press release of the CDU in Schleswig-Holstein among others highlights the role of the EU in improving the situation of Roma and Sinti.

Much praise flows in ECMI’s direction in the press release issued by the Christian Democrats (CDU) of Schleswig-Holstein last week. The press release came after a visit at the ECMI in Flensburg by CDU’s working group on European politics.

The press release reiterated in Schleswig-Holstein on CDU local branch websites like Dithmarschen, Breklum-Struckum, Husum, Wiedingharde, Nordfriesland, Langenhorn, and on the spokesperson for minority politics, Astrid Damerow’s own website.

Finally, it has reached the Bundespresseportal or Federal Press Portal. The Federal Press Portal is a cross-party and citizen-proximate information portal for federal, state, district, county and local parties in the Federal Republic of Germany.

The press release is related to the following ECMI messages:

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Live now: Workshop on Anti-Semitism in Romania and Moldova

ECMI AnnouncementsECMI and partners are realizing the Collaborative Workshop: Anti-Semitism in Romania and Moldova 1881-1991 from this very moment. Follow and join via Twitcam (obsolete).

A collaborative workshop between the European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI), Stanley Burton Centre for Holocaust and Genocide Studies and University of Leicester is beginning at 11 am CET this morning. The workshop session taking place in Leicester (UK) is supplemented by Twitter broadcast making it possible to join online.

Get the programme

The session is the first of a two-session collaborative outreach workshop. Focusing on the period from the establishment of the independent kingdom of Romania in 1881 to the declaration of the independent state of Moldova in 1991, the workshop examines the history of anti-Semitism in the region as well as explores prejudice and discrimination against the Roma.

The second session will take place in Flensburg, Germany, in spring 2015. The session in Flensburg will deal with anti-Semitism in contemporary Romania and Moldova.

The ECMI is represented in the collaboration and programme by Senior Research Associate Dr Raul Cârstocea who is heading the ECMI Conflict & Security Cluster.

 

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ECMI Kosovo’s June 2014 newsletter released

News related to ECMI Kosovo - European Centre for Minority IssuesThe June 2014 newsletter of European Centre for Minority Issues Kosovo is now available. Kosovo parliamentary elections in June in focus.

The past month’s news from ECMI Kosovo were circulated today. Refer to ECMI Kosovo’s June Newsletter to find the following subheading in focus:

  • ECMI Kosovo Monitoring Elections

The following ECMI Kosovo publications are announced:

  • General Elections in Kosovo: A View of Issues, Challenges and the Political Scene ahead of Voting on June 8th (information bulletin)
  • Bridging the Divide: Establishing a Joint Board for the city of Mitrovica (policy brief)

ECMI Kosovo’s June Newsletter also includes the following work reports:

  • Last training sessions of the Advocacy Skills & Community Rights Programme for Kosovo Civil Society Organisations
  • “Means of Community Mobilization” – a training session in North Mitrovica/ë
  • “Media and Transparent Reporting” – another training sesion in North Mitrovica/ë
  • Focus Groups – Voter Education for Vulnerable and Marginalised Groups
  • Testing of the participants of the official language trainings before the summer break
  • Public Announcement for the Accreditation and Nomination of the new Members of the Consultative Council for Communities

Political developments relevant to ECMI Kosovo’s field of interest are reported under:

  • Parliamentary elections held on 8 June give “Srpska Lista” a clear lead in the Kosovo Serb community vote
  • Political entities representing Kosovo’s communities open to entering any coalition …
  • The removal of the barricade on the Ibër/Ibar Bridge …

Archive: monthly newsletters from ECMI Kosovo

About ECMI Kosovo

ECMI Kosovo became active in Kosovo as a field office of European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) in 2001.

After Kosovo declared independence in February 2008, ECMI Kosovo became a locally registered NGO in July of that same year, while maintaining its co-operation with ECMI and thus continuing to benefit from international oversight, specialized expertise and comparative experiences.

ECMI Kosovo’s vision is a stable multi-ethnic Kosovo in which the human and minority rights of members from all communities are realized in line with domestic and international standards.

With a view to contributing to this vision, ECMI Kosovo engages in a wide range of activities aimed at stabilizing inter-ethnic relations and ensuring the effective implementation and functioning of the legal, policy and institutional framework for the protection and promotion of minority rights.

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Funding confirmed: ECMI will further diversity management in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine

European Centre for Minority Issues - Action, Research, DocumentationThe Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark has confirmed funding for fostering diversity management in Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine. A major ECMI project is ready for launch.

European Centre for Minority Issues’ (ECMI) Eastern Partnership Programme has long been in the pipeline and it is already communicated at the Centre’s website and in the ECMI Annual Programme 2014. But now it’s real. ECMI’s ambition of furthering diversity management in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine will be implemented.

As the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark has confirmed financial support, the project starts immediately with a total budget of 600,000 € – over three years.

The project is run by the ECMI headquarters in Flensburg, but also the Georgia office will have a significant role to play. No coincidence; the project is based on the expertise and the progress that ECMI has accumulated in Georgia.

Enhancing the minority-majority climate

The overall objective of ECMI’s Eastern Partnership Programme is to enhance the minority-majority climate in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine. This goes via improvement of minority protection on one side, and institutionalization of the minorities’ political participation on the other.

The programme objective will be achieved by the means of training seminars. The participants will be representatives of both public bodies and minority organizations from the three targeted countries.

Focus on the practical

“Most probably, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova know everything relevant about treaties and good intentions, but here in Flensburg we know how to practically go about it, if you really want minority protection and participation. We will share our knowledge, of course,” declares ECMI Director Dr Tove H. Malloy.

The premise of the Eastern Partnership Programme is that stakeholders in both Belarus, the Ukraine and in Moldova have expressed interest in knowledge of – and expertise in – protection of minorities and diversity management. According to the stakeholders, the main challenge is lack of knowledge on how to eventually implement all the good intentions and plans.

It is far from the first time ECMI has accomplished a project of this scale and ambition. ECMI has spearheaded projects in both Kosovo and Georgia that led to dialogues between minorities and authorities, and – most importantly – the dialogues were eventually embedded in institutions and legislation.

Read also: Evaluations confirm: ECMI makes a significant positive difference

Flensburg, Tbilisi, Kiev, Chisinau, Minsk…

“Wars and crises come and go, but the need to create good relations between minorities and majorities is permanent,” says Dr Malloy:
“Moreover, ECMI’s vision is as relevant as ever; in our research, we try to uncover the positive aspects of diversity, rather than always focusing on minorities in the context of conflict. So let me also add that this project was conceived long before the war and crisis in the Ukraine.”

The current project can best compare with the activities ECMI has implemented in Georgia.

In 1999, Georgia became a member of the Council of Europe (CoE) and in 2005 Georgia ratified the CoE Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM). In order to facilitate the implementation of the FCNM in Georgia, ECMI stepped in with advice and guidance to both the government and minorities. Then and now, the challenge was how Georgia should go about it in practice.

Since then, ECMI in Georgia has helped to build capacity within minority organizations and among authorities’ civil servants, and has succeeded in institutionalizing the relations between the parties. On the government side ECMI helped in establishing the structures which – so to speak – take care of the area and which minorities can turn to. On the minority side ECMI helped with expertise in advocacy when it comes to minority and other rights, and with getting the minorities organized.

Director Malloy explains: “Stable institutions and regular meetings where the parties listen to each other and present their interests and arguments, do pave the way for good solutions, and you often avoid temperaments being brought to the boil.”

The ambition of the Eastern Partnership Programme is to replicate the success of Georgia. However, there are significant differences between Georgia and the three programme countries that ECMI staff is very aware of. And the Ukraine, Moldova and Belarus are also different from each other: Belarus is not a member of the Council of Europe, where the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities is nested, civil war prevails in parts of the Ukraine, and Moldova has its own extraordinary challenges to deal with.

Facts: Minorities in the programme countries

More than 100 different nationalities reside in the Ukraine. The largest group is the Russians, but Ukraine is also home of Belarusians, Crimean Tatars, Moldovans, Bulgarians, Hungarians, Romanians, Poles, Jews and many others. In Belarus there are, besides Belarusians, Polish and Lithuanian minorities, while Moldova in addition to Moldovans includes Ukrainians, Russians, Gagauz people, Romanians and Bulgarians.

For more information:

There will usually be English, German, Russian and Danish speaking staff available within normal working hours on 0049 (0) 461 1 41 49-0.

The project’s academic staff consists of Dr Aleksander Osipov (Russia) Director Dr Tove H. Malloy (Denmark) and Hanna Vasilevich (Belarus). Vasilevich is the contact person of the project.

ECMI titles online related to Belarus

ECMI titles online related to Moldova

ECMI titles online related to Ukraine

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Finanzierung bestätigt: Das ECMI wird Diversity Management in Belarus, Moldawien und der Ukraine fördern

Kompagnietor FlensburgDas Auswärtige Amt Dänemarks hat die Finanzierung eines Projektes für die Förderung von ‘Diversity Management’ in Belarus, Moldawien und der Ukraine bestätigt. Damit geht ein wichtiges ECMI Projekt an den Start.

Das Eastern Partnership Programme des European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) ist schon seit einiger Zeit in Arbeit und wurde schon auf der Webseite und im ECMI Annual Programme 2014 angekündigt. Nun wird es Wirklichkeit. Die Bestrebungen des ECMI, ‘Diversity Mangement’ in Belarus, Moldawien und der Ukraine zu fördern, werden umgesetzt.

Mit der Bestätigung des Auswärtigen Amts Dänemarks über die finanzielle Unterstützung startet das Projekt ohne weitere Verzögerungen mit einem Budget von € 600,000 – gestaffelt über drei Jahre.

Das Projekt wird vom Hauptsitz des ECMI in Flensburg aus geleitet, mit weitreichender Unterstützung aus der Zweigstelle in Georgien, auf deren bereits gesammelter Expertise das Projekt aubaut.

Verbesserung des Klimas zwischen Minderheit und Mehrheitsbevölkerung

Das übergeordnete Ziel des Eastern Partnership Programme des ECMI ist es, die Beziehungen zwischen Minderheiten und Mehrheitsbevölkerung in Belarus, Moldawien und der Ukraine zu verbessern. Dies soll durch eine Verbesserung des Minderheitenschutzes, sowie die Institutionalisierung der politischen Beteiligung der Minderheiten erreicht werden.

Auf die Ziele des Programms wird in Trainings hingearbeitet, an denen Repräsentanten der öffentlichen Verwaltung sowie der Minderheitenorganisationen der drei Länder teilnehmen werden.

Konzentration auf das Praktische

„Sehr wahrscheinlich wissen die Ukraine, Belarus und Moldawien alles wichtige  über Abkommen und gute Absichten, aber hier in Flensburg wissen wir, wie man praktisch daran geht wenn man wirklich etwas für Minderheitenschutz und Partizipation tun will. Wir werden unser Wissen natürlich teilen“ erklärt ECMI Direktor Dr. Tove H. Malloy.

Die Grundlage für das Eastern Partnership Programme ist, dass Akteure aus Belarus, der Ukraine und Moldawien ihr Interesse bezeugt haben, Wissen und Erfahrung rund um den Schutz von Minderheiten und ‘Diversity Management’ zu sammeln. Laut den betreffenden Akteuren ist das größte Problem fehlendes Wissen darüber, wie die vorhandenen guten Absichten und Pläne umgesetzt werden können.

Lesen Sie auch: Evaluations confirm: ECMI makes a significant positive difference

Es ist bei weitem nicht das erste mal, dass das ECMI ein Projekt von dieser Größe und Bedeutung leitet. Sowohl in Kosovo als auch Georgien hat das ECMI Projekte angeleitet, die Dialoge zwischen Minderheiten und Behörden ermöglicht und zu einer Einbettung dieser Dialoge in Institutionen und Gesetzgebung geführt haben.

Flensburg, Tbilisi, Kiev, Chisinau, Minsk…

„Kriege und Krisen kommen und gehen, aber die Notwendigkeit für gute Beziehugen zwischen Minderheiten und Mehrheitsbevölkerung ist dauerhaft“ sagt Malloy:
„Außerdem ist die Vision des ECMI so relevant wie eh und je: Wir versuchen in unserer Forschung die positiven Aspekte von Vielfältigkeit herauszustellen, anstatt Minderheiten immer im Zusammenhang mit Konflikten zu betrachten. Deshalb möchte ich noch betonen, dass dieses Projekt lange vor der aktuellen Krise in der Ukraine geplant wurde.“

Das aktuelle Projekt ist am ehesten vergleichbar mit den Aktivitäten des ECMI in Georgien.

Georgien wurde 1999 Mitglied des Europarates (CoE) und ratifizierte das Rahmenübereinkommen zum Schutz Nationaler Minderheiten (FCNM) 2005. Um die Implementierung des FCNM in Georgien zu vereinfachen, unterstützte das ECMI sowohl die Regierung als auch die Minderheiten mit Rat und Tat. Damals wie heute ist die größte Herausforderung die praktische Umsetzung.

Seither hat das ECMI Büro in Georgien geholfen Kapazitäten sowohl in den Organisationen der Minderheiten, als auch im öffentlichen Dienst aufzubauen und konnte eine Institutionalisierung der Beziehung zwischen den Beteiligten erreichen. Auf Regierungsseite hat das ECMI geholfen Strukturen und Institutionen zu entwickeln, die sich mit dem Thema beschäftigen und an die sich die Minderheiten wenden können. Auf Seite der Minderheiten konnte das ECMI seine Erfahrung in der Verfechtung von Minderheiten- und anderen Rechten, sowie in der Organisierung von Minderheiten einbringen.

Direktor Malloy erklärt: „Stabile Institutionen und regelmäßige Treffen auf denen sich die Parteien gegenseitig zuhören und ihre Argumente und Interessen vorbringen können, ebnen den Weg für gute Lösungen und man das Überkochen der Stimmung oft vermeiden“.

Der Anspruch des Eastern Partnership Programme ist es, den Erfolg aus Georgien zu wiederholen, jedoch ist sich das ECMI Team den deutlichen Unterschieden zwischen Georgien und den drei am aktuellen Projekt beteiligten Ländern durchaus bewusst. Zusätzlich sind auch die drei teilnehmenden Länder unterschiedlich von einander: Während Belarus kein Mitglied des CoE ist, wo das FCNM angesiedelt ist, herrscht in der Ukraine ein Bürgerkrieg und Moldawien hat sich seinen ganz eigenen außerordentlichen Herausforderungen zu stellen.

Fakten: Minderheiten in den Teilnehmer-Ländern

In der Ukraine leben mehr also 100 Nationalitäten, von denen Russen die größte Gruppe darstellen, die aber auch Weißrussen, Krim-Tartaren, Moldawier, Bulgaren, Ungaren, Rumänen, Polen, Juden und viele andere einschließen. In Belarus leben neben Weißrussen auch polnische und litauische Minderheiten und in Moldawien leben außer Moldawiern auch Ukrainer, Russen, Gagausen, Rumänen und Bulgaren.

Für weitere Informationen

Englisch-, deutsch-, russisch- und dänischsprachiges Personal ist während unserer Bürozeiten unter 0049 (0) 461 1 41 49-0 erreichbar.

Das akademische Projektteam besteht aus Dr. Aleksander Osipov (Russland), Direktor Dr. Tove H. Malloy (Dänemark) und Hanna Vasilevich (Belarus). Frau Vasilevich ist die Kontaktperson für das Projekt.

ECMI Veröffentlichungen zum Thema Belarus

ECMI Veröffentlichungen zum Thema Moldawien

ECMI Veröffentlichungen zum Thema Ukraine

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Projektfinansiering i hus: ECMI vil fremme mangfoldighedsledelse i Belarus, Moldova og Ukraine

Kompagnietor-NorthECMI’s ambition om at fremme mangfoldighedsledelse i Belarus, Moldova og Ukraine bliver til virkelighed. Udenrigsministeriet har meddelt sin støtte, og projektet er klar til start.

Det har været i støbeskeen længe; European Centre for Minority IssuesEastern Partnership Programme. Og det findes allerede beskrevet på centrets website og i ECMI’s Annual Programme. Men nu er det alvor.

Det danske Udenrigsministerium har bekræftet den økonomiske støtte til projektet, som starter omgående, og som får et samlet budget på 600.000 € – fordelt over tre år.

Projektet drives af hovedkvarteret i Flensborg, men også kontoret i Georgien får en væsentlig rolle at spille. Projektet bygger netop på den ekspertise og de fremskridt, som ECMI har oparbejdet og stået fadder til i Georgien.

Forbedring af forhold mellem flertals- og mindretalsbefolkninger

Det overordnede formål med ECMI’s Eastern Partnership Programme er at bedre forholdene mellem flertals- og mindretalsbefolkningerne i Belarus, Moldova og Ukraine. Vejen går via bedre mindretalsbeskyttelse på den ene side, og institutionalisering af mindretallenes politiske medvirken på den anden.

I praksis vil en række seminarer bane vejen. Seminardeltagerne vil komme fra de offentlige institutioner, der har med mindretalsforhold at gøre, og fra mindretallene i de tre fokuslande.

Fokus på det praktiske

”Ukraine, Belarus og Moldova ved formentlig alt om traktater og gode hensigter. Men her i Flensborg ved vi noget om, hvordan man i praksis griber det an, hvis man virkelig ønsker mindretalsbeskyttelse og -medvirken. Vi skal selvfølgelig dele vores viden,” mener ECMI Direktør Dr. Tove H. Malloy.

ECMI’s Eastern Partnership Programme har som udgangspunkt, at interessenter i både Belarus, Ukraine og Moldova har udtrykt interesse for viden om – og ekspertise inden for – mindretalsbeskyttelse og mangfoldighedsledelse. Det er især implementeringen, altså viden om virkeligt at føre alle gode målsætninger ud i livet, der ifølge interessenterne er en udfordring.

Det er langt fra første gang, ECMI kaster sig ud i projekter af netop den art. Både i Kosovo og i Georgien har ECMI stået i spidsen for projekter, der førte til dialog mellem mindretal og myndigheder, og hvor – vigtigst af alt – dialogen blev forankret i institutioner og lovgivning.

Læs også: Evaluations confirm: ECMI makes a significant positive difference

Flensborg, Tbilisi, Kiev, Chisinau, Minsk…

”Krige og kriser kommer og går, men behovet for at skabe gode forhold mellem mindretal og flertal består,” mener Dr. Malloy:
”ECMI’s vision er i øvrigt også evigt aktuelt; i vores forskning prøver vi jo at afdække de positive sider af forskelligheden, i stedet for altid at fokusere på mindretal i sammenhæng med konflikter. Og lad mig også lige tilføje, at projektet er udtænkt længe inden krig og krise i Ukraine.”

Det aktuelle projekt lader sig bedst sammenligne med de aktiviteter, ECMI har gennemført i Georgien.

Georgien blev i 1999 medlem af Europarådet og ratificerede i 2005 Europarådets Rammekonventionenom Beskyttelse af Nationale Mindretal (FCNM). For at lette implementeringen af FCNM i Georgien, trådte ECMI til med rådgivning og vejledning af både regeringen og mindretallene. Også her var udfordringen, hvordan Georgien i praksis skulle gribe det hele an.

ECMI i Georgien har siden bidraget til at opbygge mindretalsorganisationernes og embedsmændenes kunnen og viden og søgt at institutionalisere kontakten mellem parterne. På regeringssiden har ECMI hjulpet med at etablere strukturer, der så at sige tager sig af området, og som mindretallene kan henvende sig til. På mindretallenes side har ECMI hjulpet med ekspertise i fortalervirksomhed, når det gælder mindretals- og andre rettigheder, og med at få organiseret mindretallene.

Direktør Malloy forklarer:”Stabile institutioner og jævnlige møder, hvor parterne lytter, bryder argumenter og præsenterer interesser, baner ofte vej for gode løsninger, og man undgår at gemytter bringes i kog.”

Ambitionen med Eastern Partnership Programme er at gentage successen fra Georgien. Der er dog væsentlige forskelle på Georgien og de tre programlande, som ECMI’s medarbejdere er meget opmærksomme på. Og Ukraine, Moldova og Belarus er også indbyrdes forskellige: Belarus ikke medlem af Europarådet, hvor Rammekonventionen om Beskyttelse af Nationale Mindretal hører hjemme, borgerkrigslignende tilstande hersker i dele af Ukraine, og Moldova har sine helt ekstraordinære problemer at slås med.

Facts: Mindretal i programlandene

I Ukraine findes over 100 forskellige nationaliteter. Den største gruppe er russerne, men Ukraine huser også hviderussere, krimtatarer, moldovere, bulgarer, ungarer, rumænere, polakker, jøder og mange andre. Belarus bebos, foruden hviderussere, af blandt andre polske og litauiske mindretal, mens Moldova foruden moldovere rummer ukrainere, russere, gagausere, rumænere og bulgarer.

For yderligere information:

Der vil normalt være både engelsk-, tysk- og dansktalende personale til stede indenfor almindelig arbejdstid på 0049 (0) 461 1 41 49-0.

Projektets faglige stab består af Dr. Aleksander Osipov (Rusland), Direktør Dr. Tove H. Malloy (Danmark) og Hanna Vasilevich (Belarus), som også er projektets kontaktperson

ECMI titles online related to Belarus

ECMI titles online related to Moldova

ECMI titles online related to Ukraine

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ECMI Library Acquisitions – June 2014

ECMI Library NewsAs of June 2014, one can also find the following titles in the European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) Library in Flensburg.

  • Hayward, Tim, Constitutional Environmental Rights. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2005, 236 pp.
    Appetizer and further data.
  • Kolstø, Pål (ed.), National Integration and Violent Conflict in Post-Soviet Societies. The Cases of Estonia and Moldova. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002, 299 pp.
    Appetizer and further data.
  • Lindholm, Tore, W. Cole Durham, and Bahia G. Tahzib-Lie (eds.), Facilitating Freedom of Religion or Belief: A Deskbook. Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2004, 1017 pp.
    Appetizer and further data.
  • Magliana, Melissa, The Autonomous Province of South Tyrol. A Model of Self-Governance? Bozen/Bolzano: Europäische Akademie, 2000, 207 pp.
    Appetizer and further data.

The ECMI Library is an independent collection of books, journals and grey literature of more than 3,000 items covering many aspects of minority issues.

The highly specialized collection offers public access to a variety of materials in more than twenty languages on inter-ethnic relations, language and cultural issues and ethnic conflict in Europe.

The Library is especially strong in the area of minority protection with regards to international law. It also includes a useful reference section and a considerable number of published and unpublished reports dealing with the subjects mentioned above.

In addition this, the ECMI Library is unique in that it includes an ever-growing number of annual reports of Ombudsman offices around the world, which provide insight into the human rights situation in many countries.

Curent periodical and newspaper subscriptions reflect the multidisciplinary nature of ECMI research.

Reference services are provided both in-house and for the general public. The ECMI Library is physically at Schiffbrücke 12 in Flensburg, Germany and online via the ECMI website.

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