Seasons Greetings and Happy New Year from ECMI Team

Please consider that ECMI Flensburg office is closed between 24 December – 04 January. Our secretariat will be back on 5 January 2015.



Posted in Out of category

ECMI Library Acquisitions – December 2014

As of December 2014, one can also find the following titles in the European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) Library in Flensburg.

  • Bertelsmann Stiftung (ed.), Culture and Conflict in Global Perspective. The Cultural Dimensions of Conflicts from 1945 to 2007. Gütersloh: Verlag Bertelsmann Stiftung, 2010, 97 pp.
    Appetizer and further data.
  • Biaspamiatnykh, Mikalai, et al., Политика управления этнокультурным разнообразием в Беларуси, Молдове, и Украине: между советским наследием и европейскими стандартами (=Politics of Ethno-cultural Diversity Management in Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine: between Soviet Legacies and European Standards). Vilnius: European Humanities University, 2014, 298 pp.
    Appetizer and further data.
  • Dominguez, Roberto (ed.), The OSCE: Soft Security for a Hard World. Competing Theories for Understanding the OSCE. Brussels, Bern and Berlin: Peter Lang, 2014, 193 pp.
    Appetizer and further data.
  • Galbreath, David J., The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. Abingdon and New York: Routledge, 2007, 151 pp. .
    Appetizer and further data.

Get the complete acquisitions list for December 2014.

The ECMI Library is an independent collection of books, journals and grey literature ofmore than 3,000 items covering many aspects of minority issues.

The highly specialized collection offers public access to a variety of materials in more than twenty languages on inter-ethnic relations, language and cultural issues and ethnic conflict in Europe.

The Library is especially strong in the area of minority protection with regards to international law. It also includes a useful reference section and a considerable number of published and unpublished reports dealing with the subjects mentioned above.

In addition to this, the ECMI Library is unique in that it includes an ever-growing number of annual reports of Ombudsman offices around the world, which provide insight into the human rights situation in many countries.

Current periodical and newspaper subscriptions reflect the multidisciplinary nature of ECMI research.

Reference services are provided both in-house and for the general public. The ECMI Library is physically at Schiffbrücke 12 in Flensburg, Germany and online via the
ECMI website.

Posted in Documentation, Library Flensburg, Limited target, Relevant for Flensburg only, Research, Action & Documentation | Tagged , , , , , , , , , ,

DEADLINE EXTENDED: ECMI Call for Papers: 25th anniversary of the 1990 Copenhagen Document

KompagnietorECMI announces Call for Papers for the conference “The 1990 CSCE Copenhagen Document, East-West encounters and evolutions of the minority regime in Europe”, taking place in Flensburg between 5-7 June 2015. Deadline for the submission of paper abstracts: 15 January 2015.

Interested scholars are invited to participate in a multidisciplinary conference on the inception of the European minority rights regime a quarter of a century ago, at the end of the Cold War; the regime’s subsequent evolutions, affected by the re-drawing of the dividing lines in Europe; and the new challenges created by the turmoil in Eastern Europe.

The conference is organised and hosted by the European Centre for Minority Issues. The organisers intend to publish a selection of the papers in the form of edited volumes and/or journal special issues. The conference will also incorporate workshop sessions to discuss the establishment of new research networks dedicated to the key themes under consideration.


This conference has been timed to coincide with the 25th anniversary of the 1990 Document of the Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the CSCE. For several reasons, this document and its anniversary deserve the attention of scholars and practitioners dealing with minority issues. First of all, it constitutes a landmark and in some respects a starting point in the development of the European minority rights regime. Part IV of the Document contains numerous innovative concepts – such as ‘full equality’, ‘effective participation’, ‘autonomy arrangements’, ‘proportionate measures’ and so forth – that provided an impetus for further political and scholarly debates and have since become central for minority protection in the framework of the OSCE, CoE and UN, as well as in national legislations in Europe and beyond.

Second, the Copenhagen Document was a byproduct of the cooperation between the West and the East at the end of the Cold War. The still underexplored contributions of the USSR, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and East Germany to the drafting and adoption of the Copenhagen Document were in part inspired by the resurgence of ethnic claims and ethnic conflicts in the former communist states and the energetic attempts of the ruling elites in the USSR, Yugoslavia and Hungary to cope with the new challenges in the framework of democratization processes. These transformations of the previously closed party apparatus-led decision-making into public politics, the related new institutional set-ups and the legacies of this period deserve a thorough analysis. The fact that the communist rulers and the Western democracies were able to talk the same language with regard to minority issues also begs questions.

Third, as some scholars argue, Europe is slowly sliding today towards a new Cold War period, and minority issues are playing a significant role in the recent escalation of tensions around Ukraine. The recent developments prompt an examination of the achievements and failures of the last 25 years, particularly of the loopholes in the international and domestic normative regulations of minority issues and the destructive effects they can generate. Broader challenges that the minority rights regime in Europe faces today and possible remedies to these issues shall be also addressed.


We thus suggest a multidisciplinary international discussion which would involve scholars and policy-makers and would focus on several topics. The list of potential topics includes, but is not limited to:

  • The conceptual evolution of the minority regime in Europe and North America and the impact of the 1990 Copenhagen Document;
  • Modes of international cooperation with regard to minorities in Europe and North America;
  • Merits and flaws of the European minority rights regime;
  • Institutional underpinnings of ethnic politics and diversity policies at the domestic and international levels;
  • Liberal-democratic and authoritarian approaches to minority policies – is there a common ground?
  • Communist conceptual and institutional legacies in the international and domestic minority regimes;
  • The new challenges and new dividing lines between the ‘West’ and the ‘East’ and the future of the European minority rights regime.


We aim to attract innovative contributions that develop theoretical arguments while embedding these in the context of case studies. Applications from early career scholars are especially welcome. Applicants must submit a 300 word abstract, short academic CV and preliminary registration form to by 15 January 2015.

Conference participants recruited through this call will be responsible for meeting the costs of their travel and accommodation. The organizers are currently looking into sources of external funding for the conference, and, provided this can be secured, a limited number of bursaries for early career researchers (doctoral students and the holders of PhDs awarded after 1 January 2012) might be available. Applicants should indicate if they wish to be considered for the early career bursary when submitting their abstract and registration form. We strongly encourage applicants to seek funding from their home institution or alternative sources. The organisers will confirm the overall selection of speakers for the conference and the offers of early career bursaries by the end of February 2015.

Practical information

Accommodation for conference speakers will be provided at the Akademie Sankelmark (in the vicinity of Flensburg), at a special institutional rate of 75 EUR per night for a single or double rooms. ECMI will make bookings on behalf of the participants, using the information provided on the conference application form. Participants will then be responsible for paying their own hotel bill while in Sankelmark. The conference is scheduled to begin at 10:00 on 5 June, and end at 12.30 on 7 June. All the meals are included in the daily rate of the accommodation.

If you have any further questions regarding the remit of and arrangements for the conference, please email them to, with the subject CONFERENCE APPLICATION and YOUR NAME.

Posted in Announcements, Conflict & Security | Tagged , , , , , , ,

ECMI establishes partnerships in Gagauzia

432px-Flag_of_Gagauzia.svgECMI and the Executive Committee of Gagauzia (Gagauz Yeri) signed Memorandum of Understanding and Partnership Agreement in Comrat. The parties will cooperate within ECMI Eastern Partnership Programme: National Minorities and Ethno-political Issues. 

The public signing of the documents was held on December 12 during the international conference devoted to 20th anniversary celebrations of the Gagauzian Autonomous Republic.  The documents were signed by ECMI Director Dr. Tove Hansen Malloy and the Governor (Bashkan) of Gagauzia (Gagauz Yeri) Mr. Mihail Formuzal.

Cooperation between ECMI and the Executive Committee of Gagauzia initiated the partner relations within the ECMI Eastern Partnership Programme: National Minorities and Ethno-political Issues, the project that covers three Eastern Partnership countries – Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova. The project supported by the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs started in July 2014 and will last for the next three years.

ECMI and the Executive Committee of Gagauzia will cooperate in a range of areas pertaining to the protection of ethnic and national minorities: promotion of interethnic dialogue, social integration of ethnic and national minorities, promotion of equality, ethno-cultural diversity policies and capacity building of civil society.


Also relevant:

ECMI signs the Memorandum of Understanding with the Ukrainian Plenipotentiary on Ethnonational Policy

ECMI launches kick-off seminars within EPP project

ECMI kick-off seminars in Belarus within EPP project

ECMI introduces its Eastern Partnership Programme in Ukraine

About EPP:

EPP encompasses Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine – countries that face various challenges and also have numerous achievements in the accommodation and governance of their ethnic and linguistic diversity. The programme is to be implemented throughout 2014-2017 and is funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark.

The EPP’s goal is to enhance governance and to advance state policies on the prevention of ethnic discrimination and on the mainstreaming of national minorities issues according to European best practices in the target countries.

The EPP objectives are:

  • awareness-raising and capacity-building of public bodies in charge of diversity and equality management, consultative and advisory bodies on minority issues
  • dissemination and transfer of information and know-how both on European standards and good practices through training, networking and dissemination.

The programme objectives are achieved by the means of trans-regional thematically-focused training seminars, by facilitating networking of public and civil society institutions and by joint activities aimed at monitoring and drafting thematic reports on the EPP focal issues. For further information on EPP, please visit the project web-page: or contact EPP project manager Hanna Vasilevich.

Posted in Announcements, Institutional Flensburg, Organizational, Out of category | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Online now: ECMI Annual Programme 2015

ECMI Annual ProgrammeThe 2015 programme of the European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) is now online. The publication contains ECMI’s main initiatives and ideas in research and action for 2015. 

A number of new initiatives and highlights for the upcoming year are presented in the ECMI Annual Programme 2015 while a number of ongoing initiatives are also thoroughly described.

Foreword by the ECMI Director Dr Tove H. Malloy to the ECMI Annual Programme 2015 summarizes the ongoing activities and plans of ECMI :

“we continue a number of ongoing research activities, plus we plan new initiatives in critical areas of minority protection and cultural issues. With the rising separatism movements, autonomy for regional and cultural minorities is back on the European agenda. The ECMI has focused on non-territorial autonomy for some years now, and our cluster Justice and Governance will continue this effort with the publication of its first edited volume, Managing Diversity through Non-Territorial Autonomy: Assessing Advantages, Deficiencies and Risk in 2015. In the cluster Politics and Civil Society, we will continue to study the financing and funding of minority institutions and organisations. Minority rights are not considered sustainable until minority institutions are fully funded. The changes in Europe’s security picture are created not only by issues similar to the Cold War period, but also by the emerging right-wing movements that exhibit hatred against minorities. Thus, our cluster Conflict and Security will focus renew its focus on the proliferation of hate speech in new media. Since media is such an important part of everybody’s life, we also wish to analyse the media’s influence on inter-cultural dialogue. With a new initiative aimedat examining media’s role in creating pluralism and social cohesion, our cluster Culture and Diversity has begun mapping minority media in a number of countries. This will be continued in 2015. Our Citizenship and Ethics cluster is also pursuing research that examines social cohesion through an effort to map the cultural competencies of minorities.

On the action side both our offices in Kosovo and Georgia have initiated projects aimed at protecting women in minorities against violence. In addition, our office in Georgia has initiated a network for ombudspersons in South Caucasus while our efforts in Kosovo will focus intensively on normalising language equality in Kosovo. And our Eastern Partnership Project will start full scale implementation in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine. We also continue our education and publication projects.”

Download the ECMI Annual Programme 2015 for more information about these and many other projects.

Staff 2014 ECMI_005

Posted in Citizenship & Ethics, Conflict & Security, Cross cluster programmes, Culture & Diversity, ECMI Caucasus, ECMI Kosovo, Justice & Governance, Library Flensburg, Politics & Civil Society, Publications, Relevant for Caucasus only, Relevant for Flensburg only, Relevant for Kosovo only | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

ECMI Working Paper #83 released

ECMI PublicationsThe ECMI Working Paper #83 is now online. The paper by David Matsaberidze discusses the role of civic nationalism in transformation of the internal ethnic politics of Post-Soviet Georgia.

The paper deals with the transformation of ethnic politics of Georgia in the post-Soviet period and tries to find an answer to the following question: Did the transition of post-Soviet Georgian nationalism from the ethnic nationalism of Gamsakhurdia to the liberal nationalism of Shevardnadze ending with the civic one of Saakashvili lead to the advancement of the civic integration process in the country?

The study analyzes the political statements of the four presidents of Georgia in light of the ethnic policy discourse through changes in the accents of the state nationalism versus transformation of state-church relations. The study demonstrates that a shift from ethnic to civic nationalism was exploited as a source of peaceful integration of ethnic minorities of Georgia. Language policy is taken as a case study for the research. It was hoped that civic policies and rhetoric would lead to peaceful integration of conflicting ethnic groups as well, although this has not been the case up to now.

The paper explains the success and failure of civic integration policy vis-à-vis different ethnic minorities of the country drawing on the language aspect of the National Concept on Tolerance and Civil Integration policy document. And last, but not least, the transformation of state-church relations in the light of building the civic state of Georgia is also examined.

David Matsaberidze is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences of the Ivane Javakishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU). David is alumnus of the ECMI Summer School 2013.

Download the paper

ECMI Working Papers © from the European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI)

ECMI Working Papers are written either by the staff of European Centre for Minority Issues or by outside authors commissioned by the Centre. As ECMI does not propagate opinions of its own, the views expressed in any of its publications are the sole responsibility of the author concerned.

The European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) is a non-partisan institution founded in 1996 by the Governments of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the German State of Schleswig-Holstein.

ECMI was established in Flensburg, at the heart of the Danish-German border region, in order to draw from the encouraging example of peaceful coexistence between minorities and majorities achieved here.

ECMI’s aim is to promote interdisciplinary research on issues related to minorities and majorities in a European perspective and to contribute to the improvement of interethnic relations in those parts of Western and Eastern Europe where ethnopolitical tension and conflict prevail.

Posted in ECMI Working Papers, Library Flensburg, Publications, Research, Research, Action & Documentation | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Jennifer Jackson-Preece chairs ECMI Advisory Council in 2014-2016

Jackson preeceAt the meeting in Flensburg on 5 December 2014, the ECMI Advisory Council has elected its chairperson for the following term. Dr. Jennifer Jackson-Preece has taken over as chairperson of the ECMI Advisory Council for the 2014 through 2016.

The ECMI Advisory Council is there to promote the ECMI activities towards European institutions and specialists within the field of minority issues.  The Council is a supportive body of the European Centre for Minority Issues not to be confused with the ECMI Executive Board. ECMI Advisory Council members are appointed by the ECMI Executive Board, while the Advisory Council chairperson is elected by the Council itself. For the second term in a row, the Council is headed by Dr. Jennifer Jackson-Preece.

The ECMI Advisory Council consists of eminent scholars within the field of minority issues. The team members have all excelled in the area of minority research and represent new disciplines that ECMI finds increasingly relevant to its research field. The Advisory Council supports the ECMI mission by establishing contacts with persons, institutions and organizations, assume duties of representation and promote the ECMI activities vis-à-vis European institutions and in specialist circles.

The current members of the ECMI Advisory Council are:

See also:

ECMI renews its Advisory Council

Now online: ECMI Advisory Council reflections on the minority governance impasse

Posted in Announcements, Institutional Flensburg, Organizational | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Medier og mindretal: Prof. Augie Fleras besøger ECMI

KompagnietorProf. Augie Fleras fra University Waterloo, Canada var på besøg hos ECMI i Flensburg. I forbindelse med en konference arrangeret af Akademie des Jüdischen Museums Berlin med emnet „Medier og mindretal i international sammenhæng” var han rejst til Tyskland.

Det korte visit i Flensborg forklarer sig i de første minutter af besøget hos ECMI – han er nemlig født i Flensburg. Forældrene udvandrede til Canada med deres lille søn. Efter 67 år var professoren tilbage i fødebyen. Han erkender, at han ikke blev overvældet af hjemstavnsfølelser, da han kom via tog fra Berlin, men byens skønhed gjorde indtryk på ham og også beliggenheden ved havnen. Til Augie Fleras foredrag kom ECMIs medarbejdere og praktikanter, der lyttede spændt til redegørelserne omkring emnet ”medier og mindretal”. Hvordan får flertalsbefolkningen deres information omkring mindretal? Og hvad og hvor meget står i dagbladene? Augie Fleras forklarer begrebet ”White Ethnic Media” – det betyder, at størstedelen af alle medier bliver behersket af den hvide andel af Canadas befolkning. Således læser, hører og ser flertalsbefolkningen indslag omkring mindretal lavet af flertallet.

I en undersøgelse Fleras selv har lavet fandt han ud af at kun en meget lille del af indslagene omkring mindretal er positive. Stereotyper kan på den måde kun svært ændres og bliver tværtimod forstærket endnu mere på grund af mediernes magt. Augie Fleras opfordrer til, at unge journalister lærer en mere sensibel måde at håndtere mindretalsemner på med hensyn til billedudvalg og ordvalg.

I plenum fulgte en diskussion om menneskers inddeling i mindre- og flertal. Hvem er hvid og hvem er sort? Kan resultaterne af Fleras foredrag bruges i Europa? Entydige resultater er der ikke. Professoren erkender, at han jo som barn selv var indvandrer, der blev mobbet på grund af sin tyske baggrund kort efter krigen. I dag føler han sig som medlem af flertallet i Canada.

Augie Fleras

Posted in Relevant for Flensburg only | Tagged , , , ,

Medien und Minderheit: Prof. Augie Fleras besucht ECMI

KompagnietorProf. Augie Fleras von der University Waterloo, Kanada besucht ECMI in Flensburg. Er war im Rahmen einer Konferenz der Akademie des Jüdischen Museums Berlin zum Thema „Medien und Minderheiten: Fragen der Repräsentation im internationalen Vergleich“ nach Deutschland gereist.

Die Stippvisite Prof. Augie Fleras erklärte sich gleich zu Beginn des Besuchs bei ECMI im Kompagnietor – er ist nämlich in Flensburg geboren. Seine Eltern wanderten mit ihrem kleinen Sohn nach Kanada aus. Nach 67 Jahren konnte der Professor seine Geburtsstadt wiedersehen. Er sei von nicht von Heimat -Gefühlen überwältigt worden, als er am Bahnhof von Flensburg ankam, aber die Schönheit der Stadt und die besondere Hafenlage beeindruckte ihn sehr. Zu seinem Vortrag kamen die Mitarbeiter und Praktikanten ECMIs und hörten gespannt seinen Ausführungen zum Thema „Medien und Minderheiten“ zu.  Wodurch bezieht die Mehrheitsbevölkerung ihr Wissen über die Minderheiten? Und was und wieviel steht über die Minderheiten in der Tagespresse? Fleras führt den Begriff „White Ethnic Media“ ein – was so viel heißt, dass die herkömmlichen Medien von dem weißen Bevölkerungsanteil beherrscht werden. So liest, hört und sieht die Mehrheitsbevölkerung Beiträge über Minderheiten, die von Mehrheiten gemacht werden.

Außerdem hat Fleras eine Erhebung der vergangenen Jahre gemacht und festgestellt, dass nur ein ganz geringer Teil der Beiträge über Minderheiten positiv belegt sind. Stereotype lassen sich so nur schwer abbauen und werden durch die Meinungsmache der Medien eher noch verstärkt. Prof. Augie Fleras fordert dazu auf, dass junge Journalisten lernen, sensibler mit Minderheitenthemen umzugehen, sowohl was die Wort- als auch die Bildauswahl anbetrifft.

Im Plenum folgt eine Diskussion über die Einteilung von Menschen in Mehr- und Minderheiten. Wer ist weiß und wer ist schwarz? Sind die Ergebnisse von Fleras Vortrag übertragbar auf Europa? Ein eindeutiges Resultat gibt es nicht. Der Prof. erkennt, dass er ja früher als deutscher Einwanderer auch einer Minderheit angehörte und nur kurz nach dem Krieg eine Menge Hohn und Spott einstecken musste. Heute fühle er sich jedoch der Mehrheitsbevölkerung in Kanada angehörig.

Augie Fleras

Posted in Relevant for Flensburg only | Tagged , , , ,

Media and Minorities: Prof. Augie Fleras visits ECMI

KompagnietorProf. Augie Fleras from the University of Waterloo visited ECMI in Flensburg. He had traveled to Germany within the framework of the conference “Media and Minorities: Questions of Representation From an International Perspective” of the Academy of the Jewish Museum in Berlin.

Prof. Augie Fleras explained right at the beginning of his short visit to ECMI his connection to Flensburg: he was born there. His parents emigrated with their young son Augie to Canada. The professor was able to see his native town again, after 67 years. Although he was not overcome by feelings of finally being at home again when he arrived at the train station in Flensburg, he was very much impressed by the beauty of the city and the wonderful setting of the harbor. The staff and interns of ECMI listened intently to his remarks on ‘Media and Minorities’. In what way does the majority population obtain its knowledge about minorities? What and how much on minorities can be found in the daily press? Prof. Fleras introduced the term “White Ethnic Media”, by which he was inferring that the traditional media has been dominated by the white part of the population. This is why the contributions on minorities that are read, seen, or heard by the majority population have been produced by members of the majority.

In addition, Prof. Fleras undertook a survey covering past years, and found that only a very small number of the contributions on minorities could be construed as positive. This means not only that it is difficult to overcome stereotypes, they are in fact exacerbated by the way that such contributions are presented in the mainstream white media. Prof. Augie Fleras encouraged young journalists to learn how to deal more sensitively with minority topics, especially with regard to their selection of both words and pictures.

In the plenary session a discussion took place on the division of people into majorities and minorities. Who is white? Who is black? Are the results of Prof. Flera’s lecture transferable to Europe? A clear result cannot be discerned at this time. Prof. Fleras realized that in earlier times he also belonged to a minority as a German immigrant and thus just shortly after the war he had suffered a great deal of scorn and ridicule. Today, however he sees himself as a member of the majority population in Canada.

-Augie Fleras

Abstract of the presentation by Prof. Fleras

Much of the scholarly work in Canada on the representational basis of newsmedia-minority relations acknowledges the obvious: the continued framing of peoples, migrants, and minorities as inferior, irrelevant, or a threat.  The most common representational  frames are known to reflect and reinforce the status of migrants/minorities/peoples as   (a) invisible (b) troublesome constituents (c) stereotyped (d) ornamental (from marginal to exotic) (e) whitewashed, and (f) othered (essentialized). Numerous frameworks purport to account for these demeaning representations, with most trending toward blaming prejudiced individuals, organizational routines, institutional imperatives, and structural barriers. However useful these explanatory probes into analyzing the basis of the bias, it’s time to move beyond an  anti-minority discourse. The challenge resides in focusing less on what newsmedia representations ‘don’t do’ in representing diversity and diversities but emphasizing, instead,  what a  Eurocentrically white (‘racialized’) newsmedia are inclined (and disinclined) to do in creating mediated (pro-white) images of migrants/minorities’/peoples at odds with their lived-realities and life-chances. In other words, the paper argues that a reframing of mainstream newsmedia as white ethnic media creates a discursive framework for theorizing newsmedia representations of migrants, minorities, and peoples as embodying a pro-white bias rather than an as anti-minority bigotry. The argument is relatively straightforward:  Newsmedia representations are neither neutral or value free nor natural or inevitable. Rather, in representing reality, they are  systemically ethnicized (‘racialized’) along the lines of white Eurocentricity, thereby securing a normative standard that filters minority realities, experiences, and aspirations through a pro-white lens that invariably diminishes as it distorts. Accordingly, mainstream newsmedia may be reframed – at least for purposes of theorizing minority misrepresentations– as if a powerful white ethnic media that ‘whitewash’ what is normal,  universal, and acceptable.  Reference to the systemic whiteness’ of a white ethnic media would logically suggest the value of re-theorizing newsmedia representations  of migrants/minorities/peoples  along postmulticultural lines.

Paper presented to the  Conference on “Media and Minorities: Questions of Representation From an International Perspective” (Berlin, 27 November 2014).

Posted in Academia, Links | Tagged , , , , , , , , ,