Please consider that ECMI Flensburg office is closed between 24 December – 04 January. Our secretariat will be back on 5 January 2015.
Please consider that ECMI Flensburg office is closed between 24 December – 04 January. Our secretariat will be back on 5 January 2015.
As of December 2014, one can also find the following titles in the European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) Library in Flensburg.
The ECMI Library is an independent collection of books, journals and grey literature ofmore than 3,000 items covering many aspects of minority issues.
The highly specialized collection offers public access to a variety of materials in more than twenty languages on inter-ethnic relations, language and cultural issues and ethnic conflict in Europe.
The Library is especially strong in the area of minority protection with regards to international law. It also includes a useful reference section and a considerable number of published and unpublished reports dealing with the subjects mentioned above.
In addition to this, the ECMI Library is unique in that it includes an ever-growing number of annual reports of Ombudsman offices around the world, which provide insight into the human rights situation in many countries.
Current periodical and newspaper subscriptions reflect the multidisciplinary nature of ECMI research.
ECMI announces Call for Papers for the conference “The 1990 CSCE Copenhagen Document, East-West encounters and evolutions of the minority regime in Europe”, taking place in Flensburg between 5-7 June 2015. Deadline for the submission of paper abstracts: 15 January 2015.
Interested scholars are invited to participate in a multidisciplinary conference on the inception of the European minority rights regime a quarter of a century ago, at the end of the Cold War; the regime’s subsequent evolutions, affected by the re-drawing of the dividing lines in Europe; and the new challenges created by the turmoil in Eastern Europe.
The conference is organised and hosted by the European Centre for Minority Issues. The organisers intend to publish a selection of the papers in the form of edited volumes and/or journal special issues. The conference will also incorporate workshop sessions to discuss the establishment of new research networks dedicated to the key themes under consideration.
This conference has been timed to coincide with the 25th anniversary of the 1990 Document of the Copenhagen Meeting of the Conference on the Human Dimension of the CSCE. For several reasons, this document and its anniversary deserve the attention of scholars and practitioners dealing with minority issues. First of all, it constitutes a landmark and in some respects a starting point in the development of the European minority rights regime. Part IV of the Document contains numerous innovative concepts – such as ‘full equality’, ‘effective participation’, ‘autonomy arrangements’, ‘proportionate measures’ and so forth – that provided an impetus for further political and scholarly debates and have since become central for minority protection in the framework of the OSCE, CoE and UN, as well as in national legislations in Europe and beyond.
Second, the Copenhagen Document was a byproduct of the cooperation between the West and the East at the end of the Cold War. The still underexplored contributions of the USSR, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and East Germany to the drafting and adoption of the Copenhagen Document were in part inspired by the resurgence of ethnic claims and ethnic conflicts in the former communist states and the energetic attempts of the ruling elites in the USSR, Yugoslavia and Hungary to cope with the new challenges in the framework of democratization processes. These transformations of the previously closed party apparatus-led decision-making into public politics, the related new institutional set-ups and the legacies of this period deserve a thorough analysis. The fact that the communist rulers and the Western democracies were able to talk the same language with regard to minority issues also begs questions.
Third, as some scholars argue, Europe is slowly sliding today towards a new Cold War period, and minority issues are playing a significant role in the recent escalation of tensions around Ukraine. The recent developments prompt an examination of the achievements and failures of the last 25 years, particularly of the loopholes in the international and domestic normative regulations of minority issues and the destructive effects they can generate. Broader challenges that the minority rights regime in Europe faces today and possible remedies to these issues shall be also addressed.
We thus suggest a multidisciplinary international discussion which would involve scholars and policy-makers and would focus on several topics. The list of potential topics includes, but is not limited to:
We aim to attract innovative contributions that develop theoretical arguments while embedding these in the context of case studies. Applications from early career scholars are especially welcome. Applicants must submit a 300 word abstract, short academic CV and preliminary registration form to email@example.com by 15 January 2015.
Conference participants recruited through this call will be responsible for meeting the costs of their travel and accommodation. The organizers are currently looking into sources of external funding for the conference, and, provided this can be secured, a limited number of bursaries for early career researchers (doctoral students and the holders of PhDs awarded after 1 January 2012) might be available. Applicants should indicate if they wish to be considered for the early career bursary when submitting their abstract and registration form. We strongly encourage applicants to seek funding from their home institution or alternative sources. The organisers will confirm the overall selection of speakers for the conference and the offers of early career bursaries by the end of February 2015.
Accommodation for conference speakers will be provided at the Akademie Sankelmark (in the vicinity of Flensburg), at a special institutional rate of 75 EUR per night for a single or double rooms. ECMI will make bookings on behalf of the participants, using the information provided on the conference application form. Participants will then be responsible for paying their own hotel bill while in Sankelmark. The conference is scheduled to begin at 10:00 on 5 June, and end at 12.30 on 7 June. All the meals are included in the daily rate of the accommodation.
If you have any further questions regarding the remit of and arrangements for the conference, please email them to firstname.lastname@example.org, with the subject CONFERENCE APPLICATION and YOUR NAME.
ECMI and the Executive Committee of Gagauzia (Gagauz Yeri) signed Memorandum of Understanding and Partnership Agreement in Comrat. The parties will cooperate within ECMI Eastern Partnership Programme: National Minorities and Ethno-political Issues.
The public signing of the documents was held on December 12 during the international conference devoted to 20th anniversary celebrations of the Gagauzian Autonomous Republic. The documents were signed by ECMI Director Dr. Tove Hansen Malloy and the Governor (Bashkan) of Gagauzia (Gagauz Yeri) Mr. Mihail Formuzal.
Cooperation between ECMI and the Executive Committee of Gagauzia initiated the partner relations within the ECMI Eastern Partnership Programme: National Minorities and Ethno-political Issues, the project that covers three Eastern Partnership countries – Belarus, Ukraine and Moldova. The project supported by the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs started in July 2014 and will last for the next three years.
ECMI and the Executive Committee of Gagauzia will cooperate in a range of areas pertaining to the protection of ethnic and national minorities: promotion of interethnic dialogue, social integration of ethnic and national minorities, promotion of equality, ethno-cultural diversity policies and capacity building of civil society.
EPP encompasses Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine – countries that face various challenges and also have numerous achievements in the accommodation and governance of their ethnic and linguistic diversity. The programme is to be implemented throughout 2014-2017 and is funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark.
The EPP’s goal is to enhance governance and to advance state policies on the prevention of ethnic discrimination and on the mainstreaming of national minorities issues according to European best practices in the target countries.
The EPP objectives are:
The programme objectives are achieved by the means of trans-regional thematically-focused training seminars, by facilitating networking of public and civil society institutions and by joint activities aimed at monitoring and drafting thematic reports on the EPP focal issues. For further information on EPP, please visit the project web-page: www.ecmi-epp.org or contact EPP project manager Hanna Vasilevich.
The ECMI Working Paper #83 is now online. The paper by David Matsaberidze discusses the role of civic nationalism in transformation of the internal ethnic politics of Post-Soviet Georgia.
The paper deals with the transformation of ethnic politics of Georgia in the post-Soviet period and tries to find an answer to the following question: Did the transition of post-Soviet Georgian nationalism from the ethnic nationalism of Gamsakhurdia to the liberal nationalism of Shevardnadze ending with the civic one of Saakashvili lead to the advancement of the civic integration process in the country?
The study analyzes the political statements of the four presidents of Georgia in light of the ethnic policy discourse through changes in the accents of the state nationalism versus transformation of state-church relations. The study demonstrates that a shift from ethnic to civic nationalism was exploited as a source of peaceful integration of ethnic minorities of Georgia. Language policy is taken as a case study for the research. It was hoped that civic policies and rhetoric would lead to peaceful integration of conflicting ethnic groups as well, although this has not been the case up to now.
The paper explains the success and failure of civic integration policy vis-à-vis different ethnic minorities of the country drawing on the language aspect of the National Concept on Tolerance and Civil Integration policy document. And last, but not least, the transformation of state-church relations in the light of building the civic state of Georgia is also examined.
David Matsaberidze is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences of the Ivane Javakishvili Tbilisi State University (TSU). David is alumnus of the ECMI Summer School 2013.
ECMI Working Papers are written either by the staff of European Centre for Minority Issues or by outside authors commissioned by the Centre. As ECMI does not propagate opinions of its own, the views expressed in any of its publications are the sole responsibility of the author concerned.
The European Centre for Minority Issues (ECMI) is a non-partisan institution founded in 1996 by the Governments of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, and the German State of Schleswig-Holstein.
ECMI was established in Flensburg, at the heart of the Danish-German border region, in order to draw from the encouraging example of peaceful coexistence between minorities and majorities achieved here.
ECMI’s aim is to promote interdisciplinary research on issues related to minorities and majorities in a European perspective and to contribute to the improvement of interethnic relations in those parts of Western and Eastern Europe where ethnopolitical tension and conflict prevail.
At the meeting in Flensburg on 5 December 2014, the ECMI Advisory Council has elected its chairperson for the following term. Dr. Jennifer Jackson-Preece has taken over as chairperson of the ECMI Advisory Council for the 2014 through 2016.
The ECMI Advisory Council is there to promote the ECMI activities towards European institutions and specialists within the field of minority issues. The Council is a supportive body of the European Centre for Minority Issues not to be confused with the ECMI Executive Board. ECMI Advisory Council members are appointed by the ECMI Executive Board, while the Advisory Council chairperson is elected by the Council itself. For the second term in a row, the Council is headed by Dr. Jennifer Jackson-Preece.
The ECMI Advisory Council consists of eminent scholars within the field of minority issues. The team members have all excelled in the area of minority research and represent new disciplines that ECMI finds increasingly relevant to its research field. The Advisory Council supports the ECMI mission by establishing contacts with persons, institutions and organizations, assume duties of representation and promote the ECMI activities vis-à-vis European institutions and in specialist circles.
The current members of the ECMI Advisory Council are:
Prof. Augie Fleras fra University Waterloo, Canada var på besøg hos ECMI i Flensburg. I forbindelse med en konference arrangeret af Akademie des Jüdischen Museums Berlin med emnet „Medier og mindretal i international sammenhæng” var han rejst til Tyskland.
Det korte visit i Flensborg forklarer sig i de første minutter af besøget hos ECMI – han er nemlig født i Flensburg. Forældrene udvandrede til Canada med deres lille søn. Efter 67 år var professoren tilbage i fødebyen. Han erkender, at han ikke blev overvældet af hjemstavnsfølelser, da han kom via tog fra Berlin, men byens skønhed gjorde indtryk på ham og også beliggenheden ved havnen. Til Augie Fleras foredrag kom ECMIs medarbejdere og praktikanter, der lyttede spændt til redegørelserne omkring emnet ”medier og mindretal”. Hvordan får flertalsbefolkningen deres information omkring mindretal? Og hvad og hvor meget står i dagbladene? Augie Fleras forklarer begrebet ”White Ethnic Media” – det betyder, at størstedelen af alle medier bliver behersket af den hvide andel af Canadas befolkning. Således læser, hører og ser flertalsbefolkningen indslag omkring mindretal lavet af flertallet.
I en undersøgelse Fleras selv har lavet fandt han ud af at kun en meget lille del af indslagene omkring mindretal er positive. Stereotyper kan på den måde kun svært ændres og bliver tværtimod forstærket endnu mere på grund af mediernes magt. Augie Fleras opfordrer til, at unge journalister lærer en mere sensibel måde at håndtere mindretalsemner på med hensyn til billedudvalg og ordvalg.
I plenum fulgte en diskussion om menneskers inddeling i mindre- og flertal. Hvem er hvid og hvem er sort? Kan resultaterne af Fleras foredrag bruges i Europa? Entydige resultater er der ikke. Professoren erkender, at han jo som barn selv var indvandrer, der blev mobbet på grund af sin tyske baggrund kort efter krigen. I dag føler han sig som medlem af flertallet i Canada.
Prof. Augie Fleras von der University Waterloo, Kanada besucht ECMI in Flensburg. Er war im Rahmen einer Konferenz der Akademie des Jüdischen Museums Berlin zum Thema „Medien und Minderheiten: Fragen der Repräsentation im internationalen Vergleich“ nach Deutschland gereist.
Die Stippvisite Prof. Augie Fleras erklärte sich gleich zu Beginn des Besuchs bei ECMI im Kompagnietor – er ist nämlich in Flensburg geboren. Seine Eltern wanderten mit ihrem kleinen Sohn nach Kanada aus. Nach 67 Jahren konnte der Professor seine Geburtsstadt wiedersehen. Er sei von nicht von Heimat -Gefühlen überwältigt worden, als er am Bahnhof von Flensburg ankam, aber die Schönheit der Stadt und die besondere Hafenlage beeindruckte ihn sehr. Zu seinem Vortrag kamen die Mitarbeiter und Praktikanten ECMIs und hörten gespannt seinen Ausführungen zum Thema „Medien und Minderheiten“ zu. Wodurch bezieht die Mehrheitsbevölkerung ihr Wissen über die Minderheiten? Und was und wieviel steht über die Minderheiten in der Tagespresse? Fleras führt den Begriff „White Ethnic Media“ ein – was so viel heißt, dass die herkömmlichen Medien von dem weißen Bevölkerungsanteil beherrscht werden. So liest, hört und sieht die Mehrheitsbevölkerung Beiträge über Minderheiten, die von Mehrheiten gemacht werden.
Außerdem hat Fleras eine Erhebung der vergangenen Jahre gemacht und festgestellt, dass nur ein ganz geringer Teil der Beiträge über Minderheiten positiv belegt sind. Stereotype lassen sich so nur schwer abbauen und werden durch die Meinungsmache der Medien eher noch verstärkt. Prof. Augie Fleras fordert dazu auf, dass junge Journalisten lernen, sensibler mit Minderheitenthemen umzugehen, sowohl was die Wort- als auch die Bildauswahl anbetrifft.
Im Plenum folgt eine Diskussion über die Einteilung von Menschen in Mehr- und Minderheiten. Wer ist weiß und wer ist schwarz? Sind die Ergebnisse von Fleras Vortrag übertragbar auf Europa? Ein eindeutiges Resultat gibt es nicht. Der Prof. erkennt, dass er ja früher als deutscher Einwanderer auch einer Minderheit angehörte und nur kurz nach dem Krieg eine Menge Hohn und Spott einstecken musste. Heute fühle er sich jedoch der Mehrheitsbevölkerung in Kanada angehörig.